Cows in Sanathana Dharma

Saudäsa uväca trailakya bhagavan kinsvit pavitram kathyate' nagha yat kirtayan sadä martyaù präpnuyät punyam uttamam.

Saudäsa said, "O my lord! O sinless sage, what is that pure object within the three worlds that simply by taking its name, human beings can accumulate great piety?"

Vaistha uvaca gävaù surabhi gandhinyas tathä guggulu gandhayaù gävaù pratiñöhä bhütänäà gävaù svastyanam mahat

The great sage Vasistha said, "O King, many varieties of aroma emanate from the body of a cow. As such, many cows are as fragrant as guggula resin. The cow is the support of all living entities, and the ocean of auspiciousness."

gävo bhütäm ca bhävyaà ca gävah pustih sanätané gävo laksmäs tathä mülaà goñu dattam na naçyati

"The cow is the past and future. She nourishes the health of all living entities, and she is the root of prosperity. The piety one achieves by feeding a cow in never destroyed."

Sanatan Dharma (सनातन धर्मं) is a devine code of conduct established by the dearest lord. In it there are various Shrutis Smritis Dharma Shastras who glorify the devinity of cows & fruits of serving them. Cows (गऊ माता ), are a symbol of abundance & all sanctity of life on earth, that serves the beings like a mother without asking much in return. It is a part of Ancient traditions to avoid/ reject consumption of beef.

Hinduism is based on the concept of omnipresence of the Divine, and the presence of a soul in all creatures, including bovines. Thus, by that definition, killing any animal would be a sin: one would be obstructing the natural cycle of birth and death of that creature, and the creature would have to be reborn in that same form because of its unnatural death. Historically, even Krishna, one of the most revered forms of the Divine (Avatar), tended cows.

A Cow is said to be the abode of all the Gods. Every atom in cow’s body is abode of the 33 crore Gods. All the 14 mythical worlds exist in the limbs of cow.

Brahma and Vishnu on the root of two horns. All the sacred reservoirs and Vedavyasa on the tips of the horns. . Lord Shankara on the centre head. . Parvathi on the edge of head. . Kartikeya on the nose, Kambala and Ashwatara Devas on the nostrils. Ashwini Kumaras on the ears. . Sun and Moon in the eyes. . Vayu in dental range and Varuna on the tongue. . Saraswathi in the sound of cow. . Sandhya goddesses on the lips and Indra on the neck. . Raksha Ganas on the hanging under the neck. . Sadhya Devas in the heart. . Dharma on the thigh. . Gandharvas in the gap of hoofs, Pannaga at the tips, Apsaras on the sides. . Eleven Rudras and Yama on the back, Ashtavasus in the crevices. . Pitru Devas on the ides of umbilical joint, 12 Adityas on the stomach area. . Soma on the tail, Sun rays on the hair, Ganga in its urine, Lakshmi and Yamuna in the dung, Saraswathi in milk, Narmada in curd, and Agni in ghee. 33 crore Gods in the hair. Prithwi in stomach, oceans in the udder, Kamadhenu in the whole body. Three Gunas in the root of the brows, Rishis in the pores of hair, and all the sacred lakes in the breathe. . Chandika on the lips and Prajapathi Brahma on the skin. Fragrant flowers on nostrils. Sadhya Devas on the arm-pit. Six parts of Vedas on the face, four Vedas on the feet, Yama on the top of the hoofs, Kubera and Garuda on the right, Yakshas on the left and Gandharvas inside. Khecharas in the fore of the foot, Narayana in intestine, mountains in the bones, Artha, Dharma, Kama and Moksha in the feet. . Four Vedas in the Hoom… sound.

There are 7 mothers listed in scriptures. They are…

Real mother & Guru-patni, the wife of spiritual master or teacher. Brahmani, the wife of a brahmana, and Raja-patnika, the queen. Dhenu, the cow, Dhatri, nurse, as well as theEarth. Earth is mother because she gives us so many things like fruits, flowers, grains for our eating. Mother gives milk & food for eating. Cow gives us milk. So cow is also one of our mothers.

COW IN VEDAS: In the Vedas, Cow is called Aditi, Dhenuvu, Aghnaaya etc. ‘Cow is refered in the Rg Veda 723 times, in Yajurveda 87 times, In Sama Veda 170 times, in Athrava Veda 331 times-total 1331 times. Similarly 20 times in Rg Veda, 5 times in Yajurveda, 2 times in Sama veda and 33 times in Athrava veda the word Aghnaaya specifically addressed to cow. "Dhenu" is used 76 times in Rg Veda, 22 times in Yajurveda, 25 times in Sama Veda, 43 times in Atharva Veda. The meaning of Dhenu is which gives Trupti (Contentment and satisfaction).


Cattle were important to Rig Vedic people & several hymns refer to more than ten thousan cattle. Rig Veda 7.95.2. and other verses (e.g. 8.21.18) also mention that the Sarasvati region poured milk and "fatness" (ghee), indicating that cattle were herded in this region. In the Rig Veda, the cows figure frequently as symbols of wealth, and also in comparison with river goddesses, e.g. in 3.33.1cd, Like two bright mother cows who lick their young, Vipas and Sutudri speed down their waters. In X.87.16 we find: One who partakes of human flesh, the flesh of a horse or of another animal and deprives others from milk by slaughtering cows ; if such a fiend does not desist then even cut off their heads by your powers Oh king. According to Aurobindo, in the Rig Veda the cows sometimes symbolize "light" and "rays". Aurobindo wrote that Aditi (the supreme Prakriti/Nature force) is described as a cow, and the Deva or Purusha (the supreme being/soul) as a bull. The Vedic god Indra is often compared to a bull. Rivers are often likened to cows in the Rigveda, Vyasa said: Cows are sacred. They are embodiments of merit. They are high and most efficacious cleansers of all. मैं समझदार मनुष्य कोकहे देता हूँ की तू बेचारी बेकसूर गायकी हत्या मत कर, वह अदिति हैं अर्थात काटने- चीरने योग्य नहीं हैं मनुष्य अल्पबुद्धि होकर गाय को मारे कांटे नहीं गोए वधालय में न जाये Cow brings us health and prosperity. 1.164.27) There should be excellent facility for pure water for Aghnya Cow. (5.83.8) The Aghnya cows which are not to be killed under any circumstances may keep themselves healthy by use of pure water and green grass, so that we may be endowed with virtues, knowledge and wealth. (Rigveda 1.164.40 or Atharv 7.73.11 or Atharv 9.10.20)

The entire 28th Sukta or Hymn of 6th Mandal of Rigveda sings the glory of cow.

Everyone should ensure that cows are free from miseries and kept healthy. God blesses those who take care of cows. Even the enemies should not use any weapon on cows No one should slaughter the cow Cow brings prosperity and strength If cows keep healthy and happy, men and women shall also keep disease free and prosperous May the cow eat green grass and pure water. May they not be killed and bring prosperity to us


Cow's body is represented by various devas and other subjects. VIII.6.23 : Those who eat cooked or uncooked flesh, who eat eggs and embryos are following an evil addiction that must be put to an end. It is definitely a great sin to kill innocents. Do not kill our cows, horses and people. -- 10.1.29 Oh Goddess cow you make a weak person strong,you make a glowless person beautiful and not only that you-; you with your auspicious sounds make our homes auspicious. {4.21} जो (वृद्ध) गाय को घर में पकाता हैं उसके पुत्र मर जाते हैं जो बैलो को नहीं खातावह कस्त में नहीं पड़ता हैं वे लोग मूढ़ हैं जो कुत्ते से या गाय के अंगों से यज्ञ करते हैं

आ गावो अग्मन्नुत भद्रकम्रन् सीदंतु गोष्मेरणयंत्वस्मे । प्रजावतीः पुरुरूपा इहस्स्युरिंद्राय पूर्वीरुष्सोदुहानाः ॥ यूयं गावो मे दयथा कृशं चिदश्रीरं चित्कृणुथा सुप्रतीकम् । भद्र गृहं कृणुथ भद्रवाचो बृहद्वो वय उच्यते सभासु ॥ (Atharvana Veda 4-21-11 and 6)

Oh Cows! With your milk and ghee you make the physically weak strong, and nurture the sick to health. With your sacred utterances, you chastise our homes. Your glory is discussed in gatherings.


A human being should not kill Cows & other animals & should ensure nobody else does --12.73 Do not kill cows and bulls who always deserve to be protected. -- 13.49 Destroy those who kill cows.-- 30.18 - गोहत्यारे को प्राण दंड दो You must not use your God-given body for killing God's (*innocent)creatures,whether they are human, animal or whatever.

सा विश्वाय़ूः सा विश्वकर्मा सा विश्वधायाः। (Shulka Yajurveda 1-4)

That cow would augment the life span of the sages involved in the sacrifices and the doer of the sacrifices. Cow coordinates all the rituals of the sacrifices. By providing offerings like milk, cow nourishes all the Gods of the sacrifices.


(Canto 11, chapter 5, verse 14 :5) "Those who are ignorant of the absolute truth and believe they are virtuous although wicked and arrogant who kill animals without any feeling of remorse or fear of punishment are devoured by those very same animals in their next birth." ( Chapter 8, 8.2 ) O King Parīkṣit, great sages who were completely aware of the Vedic ritualistic ceremonies took charge of that surabhi cow, which produced all the yogurt, milk and ghee absolutely necessary for offering oblations into the fire. They did this just for the sake of pure ghee, which they wanted for the performance of sacrifices to elevate themselves to the higher planetary systems, up to Brahmaloka. (Canto 8: Chapter 24, Text 5) BRAHMINICAL CULTURE CANNOT BE MAINTAINED WITHOUT COW PROTECTION“ . Without protection of cows, brahminical culture cannot be maintained; and without brahminical culture, the aim of life cannot be fulfilled. Although the cow is beneficial because one can draw religious principles from her, she was now rendered poor and calfless. Her legs were being beaten by a śūdra. There were tears in her eyes, and she was distressed and weak. She was hankering after some grass in the field. (Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 1.17.3) During the reign of Mahārāja Yudhiṣṭhira, the clouds showered all the water that people needed, and the earth produced all the necessities of man in profusion. Due to its fatty milk bag and cheerful attitude, the cow used to moisten the grazing ground with milk. May that Lord of the cows be satisfied by us. Who is Indra when compared to Krishna? Krishna is the master of Indra. And yet He has appeared as the master of cows; the Supreme Absolute Truth has accepted a simple position as the keeper of cows.(Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.27,) The beautiful cows and bulls are of various checkered colors—red, black, green, yellow, ash, etc. And because of their colors and healthy smiling features, the atmosphere is enlivening.(Srimad-Bhagavatam 3.2.29) Krishna counts His cows on a mala of gems. For each of the four colours of cows—white, red, black and yellow—there are twenty-five subdivisions, making a total of one hundred colours. Such qualities as being coloured like sandalwood-pulp tilaka [speckled] or having a head shaped like a mridanga drum create eight further groups.(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.35.18-21) Lord Krishna as Govinda is more inclined to the brähmanas and the cows, indicating thereby that human prosperity depends more on these two items, namely brahminical culture and cow protection. Lord Krishna is never satisfied where these are lacking. (Srimad Bhagavatam 1.8.22) The cows, the brähmanas and the devotees of the Lord are all objects of His special attention because they are very important factors for the general welfare of living beings. (Srimad Bhagavatam 1.8.44)

Sūta began to tell the story of Parīkṣit arresting Kali:

While surveying the Kuru Jungle, Parīkṣit heard undesirable news: Kali had spread through the kingdom. Seeing this as an excellent opportunity for a fight, he took up his weapons and set out on a beautiful chariot, flying a lion-flag and yoked to brilliantly black horses, along with soldiers, horsemen, elephanteers and charioteers.

The god of morality had taken the form of a bull, and was walking the only leg he still. He came upon the goddess of the earth, who had taken the form of a cow and was darkened under the shadow of grief, with tears covering her cheeks like a mother who has lost her child.

Dharma asked her:

Good lady, are you alright? Why has the shadow of grief darkened the face of your soul? Are you ill, Mother? Are you remembering of a long-lost friend?

Do you lament for my broken legs? Do you weep because wicked people will soon eat you? Are you depressed over the drought that will soon strike you when sacrifices to the gods cease?

Do you cry for the unsheltered women and children of the earth, who will be left for monsters to devour? Or because priests will speak only words, while their fraudulent behavior abandons spirituality in search of political power? Or because the politicians will bewilder themselves with bickering, while civilization declines into a mob mindlessly and randomly eating, drinking, living, bathing, and having sex?

O Mother, Hari descended to lighten your heaven burden. Take heart; remember all the deeds he did to save you! Or has this situation changed? O Mother, please tell me what is at the very root of your tears. Has fate, more powerful than any power, dissolved your treasure and good fortune, which the gods themselves desired?

Dharaṇī replied:

Dear Dharma, whose four legs spread happiness throughout the worlds, I will enlighten you about all that you have asked.

Truthfulness, cleanliness, compassion, calmness, detachment, satisfaction, sincerity, introspection, restraint, austerity, fairness, learning…

Knowledge, dispassion, power, chivalry, influence, strength, morality, independence, expertise, beauty, steadfastness, and certainly kindness…

Ingenuity, gentility, good manners, willpower, vigor, fortune, depth, dedication, faithfulness, fame, honor, modesty…

The All-Attractive always has all these and many other great qualities. No one else can ever hope to possess such greatness. He is the flag of good qualities and the palace of beauty herself.

You ask why I lament? I have just been robbed of his company; and in his absence I suddenly find the ills of Kali entering the world.

I lament not only for myself. This is also a disaster for you, and for the highest immortals, the gods, the forefathers, the sages, the saintly… it is a disaster for everyone.

You know that there is a goddess named Śrī; and that everyone including the creator, Brahmā, always struggles to obtain her carefree glance. But she has given herself wholly to the All-Attractive. Abandoning her home in the forests of lotuses she dedicates herself to lovingly caring for his blessed feet.

The soles of those same feet recently decorated my body with their prints – marked with a flag, spur, thunderbolt and lotus. Ah, with these ornaments my beauty and opulence excelled paradise itself! But now… he has left me… I suppose I must have been too proud of my good fortune?

He manifested his delightful body in the Yadu family to easily and independently rescue me from the extreme burden of hundreds of demonic armies. He empowered you to be free from the misery of your broken legs. Oh, who can bear to be without that supreme man!? His glances, pleasant smile and sweet words dispel the composure and pride of proud sweethearts. My hairs stood up to celebrate the touch of his feet!!!

Harivamsha Purana

The Harivamsha depicts Krishna as a cowherd. He is often described as Bala Gopala, "the child who protects the cows." Another of Krishna's names, Govinda, means "one who brings satisfaction to the cows." Other scriptures identify the cow as the "mother" of all civilization, its milk nurturing the population. The gift of a cow is applauded as the highest kind of gift. The milk of a cow is believed to promote Sattvic (purifying) qualities. The ghee (clarified butter) from the milk of a cow is used in ceremonies and in preparing religious food. Cow dung is used as fertilizer, as a fuel and as a disinfectant in homes.

Padma Purana

The earth-goddess Prithvi was, in the form of a cow, successively milked of various beneficent substances for the benefit of humans, by various deities.

गावो बंधुर्मनुष्याणां मनुष्याबांधवा गवाम् । गौः यस्मिन् गृहेनास्ति तद्बंधुरहितं गृहम् ॥

Cows are the abode of the Goddess of wealth. Sins don’t touch them. There exists a fine relationship between man and cow. A home without a cow is like one without dear ones.

Vishnu Purana
namo brahmanya-devaya go-brahmana-hitaya ca jagad-dhitaya krsnaya govindaya namo namah (Vishnu Purana 1.19.65)

“My Lord, You are the well-wisher of the cows and the brahmanas, and You are the well-wisher of the entire human society and world.”

Garuda Purana

The man, having a body of flesh, bones and blood,--who, towards the end gives cows to the twice-born, uttering "Nandanandanam," never falls into the Vaitaraṇī. (Garuda Purana 8.24) In disease and calamity two gifts rank above all others. They are indispensable--the eight-fold gift of sesamum and other things.Sesamum, iron, gold, cotton stuff, salt, the seven grains, a plot of ground, a cow,--every one of these is said to purify. (Garuda Purana 8.32-34) Therefore shall a king especially make gifts of land; though for others, I say, the gift, of a cow is equal to a gift of land. (Garuda Purana 8.55) Towards the end, a cow should be given. He should give a cow to overcome death, another to absolve himself of debts, another for the gaining of liberation.With special rites, O Bird, should the gift of a cow for Vaitaraṇī be made. The cows verily carry the man beyond three kinds of hells. (Garuda Purana 8.56-57) Having given even once a tawny cow, milkgiving, with the calf and other necessary things, to a well-conducted and austere Brāhmiṇ, learned in the Vedas,--one is absolved of all these sins. The giver is released by her at the end from the accumulated sins. (Garuda Purana 8.60-61) The gift of one cow while one is in full vigour of mind, the gift of a hundred cows while suffering from diseases, the gift of a thousand when dying and bereft of mental faculties,And the gift of one hundred thousand cows after death 1, are equal. A gift made to a deserving person, who has bathed at the sacred waters, increases a hundred thousand fold. (Garuda Purana 8.62-63) "May cows be in front of me; may cows be behind me; may cows be in my heart 1; and may I dwell in the midst of cows."May she who is the Goddess of Prosperity for all creatures, who is the mainstay of the shining ones, its the form of a cow remove my sins." (Garuda Purana 8.81-82)The murderer of a Brāhmaṇ becomes consumptive, the killer of a cow becomes hump-backed and imbecile, the murderer of a virgin becomes leprous,--all three born as outcastes. (Garuda Purana 5.3) Who strikes a cow or a Brāhmaṇ with his foot is born lame and deformed; who speaks lies becomes a stammerer, and who listens to them becomes deaf. (Garuda Purana 5.9)

Naradeya Purana

Those who protect the human beings, cows, Brahmins, vegetation and remain engrossed in discussion of Lord’s virtues. Those who always donate water and cereals, cows and daughters are the excellent among all the devotees. Virtues of donating land and milch cow to a Brahmin cannot be described in words. Those who serve the Brahmin deities or cow, those who play instruments, bell, and blow conch or clap in the temple enjoy intimacy with divine beauties in the heaven for five Kalpas. Those who consume cow’s flesh live in Vingbhojya hell for thousands of years. Anyone who helps brahmanas or donates cows to them is blessed. Apart from cows, buffaloes can also be donated. (hence eating of beef is strictly prohibited) There are three types of wine, known as goudi, madhvi and paishti. The drinking of wine is forbidden. If one drinks wine, the prescribed penance is the drinking of clairfied butter and the urine of cows. Drinking wine, in fact, is as great a sin as the killing of a brahmana.


A guru, a teacher, a father, a mother, a brahmana, a cow and a yogi all should never be killed. Serving them is our true Dharma. धर्मो रक्षति रक्षितः - मनु कहते हैं- जो धर्म की रक्षा करता है धर्म उसकी रक्षा करता है । सत्य से धर्म की रक्षा होती है ।

Brahma Samhita
cintāmaṇi-prakara-sadmasu kalpa-vṛkṣa lakṣāvṛteṣu surabhir abhipālayantam lakṣmī-sahasra-śata-sambhrama-sevyamānaḿ govindam ādi- puruṣaḿ tam ahaḿ bhajāmi

I worship Govinda, the primeval Lord, the first progenitor who is tending the cows, yielding all desire, in abodes built with spiritual gems, surrounded by millions of purpose trees, always served with great reverence and affection by hundreds of thousands of lakṣmīs or gopīs.

Rik Samhita
यः पौरुषेण क्रविषा समंक्ते यो अश्वेन पशुना यातुधानः । ये अघ्न्याये भरति क्षीरमग्ने तेषां शीर्षाणि हरसापि वृश्चः ॥ (Rik Samhita 87 – 161)

Oh fire god, with your flames burn the heads of those demons who eat the meat of humans, animals like horse and cow, and those who steal cows’ milk.

प्रजापतिर्मह्यमेता रराणो विश्वैर्देवैः पितृभिः संविदानः । शिवाः सतीरुप नो गोष्ठमाकस्तासां वयं प्रजया संसदेम ॥ (Rik Samhita 10 – 169 – 4)

May the supreme Lord, complemented by all the Gods, create auspicious and spacious cowsheds for our happiness and populate them with cows and calves. Let us rejoice the cow-wealth and contend by serving those cows.

Atri Samhita
वागिंद्रियस्वरूपायै नमः । वाचावृत्तिप्रद्दयिन्यै नमः ॥ अकारादिक्षकारांतवैखरीवक्स्वरूपिण्य़ै नमः ॥ (Atri Samhita 310)

By the service of the cow and consuming cow products, awareness and spirit, both enhance

यन्न वेद्ध्वनिध्यांतं न च गोभिरलंकृतम् । यन्नबालैः परिवृतं श्मशानमिव तद्गृहम् ॥

The house where Vedas are not chanted, where cows are not seen where children are not around it is like a graveyard.

गोमूत्रगोमयं सर्पि क्षीरं दधि च रोचना । षदंगमेतत् परमं मांगल्यं सर्वदा गवाम् ॥

Cow’s urine, dung, milk, ghee, curd and gorochana – these six are the most auspicious products.

पीतोदका जग्धतृणा दुग्धदेहा निरिंद्रियाः । आनंदा नाम तेलोकस्तान् स गच्चति ता ददत् ॥ (Kathopanishat – Nachiketa tells sage Vajashravas during Vishwajit Yaga)

These cows have eaten grass and have taken water. They have been milked. They are past reproductive age. One who donates these old cows will go to place of darkness devoid of pleasures. Instead, donate me.


That wretch among men who pretending to follow the path of righteousness prescribed in the Vedas, would kill living creatures from greed of flesh would certainly go to hellish regions. (Anusasana-parva, 115.43 -116.45) As the footprints of all moving, living beings are engulfed in those of the elephant, even thus all religions are to be understood by ahimsa which is non-violence to any living being by thought, words or actions. (Anusasana-parva, 114.6, 115.6)

गवां मूत्रपुरीषस्य नोद्विजेत कथंचन । न चासां मांसमश्नीयाद्गवां पुष्टिं तथाप्नुयात् ॥ (Mahabharata, Anushasana Parva 78-17)

Do not hesitate to consume cow urine and cow dung – they are sacred. But one should never eat the cow meat. A person becomes stronger by consuming Panchagavya.

गावो ममाग्रतो नित्यं गावः पृष्ठत एव च । गावो मे सर्वतश्चैव गवां मध्ये वसाह्यहम् ॥ (Mahabharata, Anushasana Parva 80-3)

Let there be cows in front of me, behind me and all around me. I live with the cows.

दानानामपि सर्वेषां गवां दानं प्रशस्यते । गावः श्रेष्ठाः पवित्राश्च पावनं ह्येतदुत्तमम् ॥ (Mahabharata, Anushasana Parva 83-3)

Donation of cows is superior to all others. Cows are supreme and sacred.

गोकुलस्य तृषार्तस्य जलार्थे वसुधाधिपः । उत्पादयति यो विघ्नं तं विद्याद्ब्रह्मघातिनम् ॥ (Mahabharata, Anushasana Parva 24-7)

Obstructing provision of water to thirsty cows should be considered equal to the sin of killing Brahmins.

सर्वोपनिषदो गावो दोग्धा गोपालनंदनः । पार्थो वत्सः सुधीर्भोक्तादुग्धं गीतामृतः महत् ॥

Bhagavad-Gita is the essence of Upanishads. It is like a cow whom Srikrishna milks. Arjuna is like a calf. The learned devotees are drinking the ambrosial milk of Bhagavad-Gita.

गौर्मे माता वृषभः पिता मे दिवं शर्म जगते मे प्रतिष्ठा ।

Cow is my mother and ox my father. Let the pair bless me with happiness in this world and bliss in heaven. I depend on cow for my life – thus stating one should surrender to cow.

Dhenunam asmi kamadhuk -- Among cows I am the wish fulfilling (kamdhenu or surabhi) cow. (Verse 10.28).

Dilip was the King of Ayodhya. He did not had any child. One day he went to sage Vasishta’s hermitage with wife and requested sage that they want a son. Through meditation Sage Vasishta got to know the reasons behind why they were not having a child. Sage Vasishts said “King! When you were coming back from heaven to earth after meeting Devraj Indra, then you did not bow in front of Kamdehnu who was standing on the way. Kamdhenu cursed you that without serving her child you can't become a father.”

King Dilipa said “Sage! All cow are Kamdhenu children, serving cow is a great pious work. I will serve the cow.” Sage Vasishta told him” in my hermitage there is a cow name Nandini. She is Kamdehnu's daughter. You serve her.”

King Dilipa in the morning went to forest to follow Nandini. When Nandini stood King Dilip also stood up. When she walked he followed her. After she sat, then only he sat dow. After she drank water then only King Dilip used to drink water. In the evening when she came to the hermitage, he followed her too. Queen Sudikshina used to pray to that cow in morning and evening time. King slept on the ground near to Nandini. King Dilipa was serving Nandini with all devotion and care.

One month has elapsed serving cow, that day king was gazing at some beautiful flowers and in the meantime Nandini went ahead. Within a span of two three seconds he heard the sound of bawling cow. When he ran there he saw that one big lion has captured the cow. To kill the lion and to save the cow king lifted up his bow, but when he tried to take the arrow from his arrow case, his right hand got stuck to the case.

Lion in human voice told the confused king that “King I am no ordinary lion. I am devotee of Lord Shankar. Now you go away. I am hungry. With my luck she has come over here. I will satisfy my hunger by eating her.”

King Dilipa requested the lion “you are devotee of Lord Shankar, that’s why I bow you. With grace on me, you have given your introduction to me. Please do one more grace on me, leave the cow and eat me in return and satisfy your hunger.”

Lion counseled him a lot, but king Dilipa stuck over with his words. At last lion agree to eat him in return of cow. King stucked hands got apart from the arrow case. He put his bow and arrow case aside and sat in front of lion with his head down. Maharaj Dilip knew that the lion would attack him and tear him apart, but instead of this flowers start pouring on him from sky. Nandini in human Voice called him and said that there is no lion it was just the illusion created by me to testify you. Now you can drink my milk by milking it on the leaf. You will get the brave and good child

King Dilipa got up. He bow in front of Kamdhenu and said that Mother on your milk first right is of your calf, after that its of Guruji. After going to hermitage I will take some sacred milk from the sage and will drink it. Seeing his devotion and religious love Cow Nandini was very happy on King Dilip. In the evening after returning to hermitage, Sage Vasishta gave king some milk to drink. King Dilipa was blessed with a brave child who was known as King Raghu (the ancestor of lord Ram).

o-ange yata loma tata sahasra vatsara go-vadhi raurava-madhye pace nirantar

Cow killers and cow eaters are condemned to rot in hell for as many thousands of years as there are for each hair on the body of every cow they eat from.

It is further written - Those who fail to give cows reverence and protection and choose to foolishly oppose and whimsically ignore the injunctions of the Vedic scriptures by selling a cow for slaughter, by killing a cow, by eating cows flesh and by permittings the slaughter of cows will all rot in the darkest regions of hell for as many thousands of years as there are hairs on the body of each cow slain. There is no atonement for the killing of a cow.

Vedas & Devatas in their prayer Jai Jai Surnayak describe the lord as " Go Dvij Hitkari ( protector of cows & Brahmins) Jai Asurari ( Death for Wrongdoers) "

Other Slokas
सा नो मंद्रेषमूर्जम् दुहाना । धेनुर्वा गस्मानुष सुष्टुतैतु ॥

She is Kamadhenu – the divine cow that fulfils all our desires. Her body is of cow and face is of a woman. She was born before the amrutha when the ocean was churned. Her hair exudes fragrance. From her udder she showers Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. She is an abode to self-knowledge, shelters, Sun, Moon and Fire God. All the Gods and the living beings depend on her. She provides us with food and supreme knowledge even when we mildly pray. Let her be near us.

पीतोदका जग्धतृणा दुग्धदेहा निरिंद्रियाः । आनंदा नाम तेलोकस्तान् स गच्चति ता ददत् ॥

These cows have eaten grass and have taken water. They have been milked. They are past reproductive age. One who donates these old cows will go to place of darkness devoid of pleasures. Instead, donate me. (Kathopanishat – Nachiketa tells sage Vajashravas during Vishwajit Yaga)

पार्थो वत्सः सुधीर्भोक्तादुग्धं गीतामृतः महत् ॥

Bhagavad-Gita is the essence of Upanishads. It is like a cow whom Srikrishna milks. Arjuna is like a calf. The learned devotees are drinking the ambrosial milk of Bhagavad-Gita.

गौर्मे माता वृषभः पिता मे दिवं शर्म जगते मे प्रतिष्ठा ।

Cow is my mother and ox my father. Let the pair bless me with happiness in this world and bliss in heaven. I depend on cow for my life – thus stating one should surrender to cow.

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